NIS 2 Directive, training for the aviation industry



Overview

The NIS 2 Directive of the European Union entered into force the 16th of January, 2023.

In Article 1 (subject matter of the NIS 2 Directive), we learn that NIS 2 lays down cybersecurity risk management measures and reporting obligations for entities of a type referred to in Annex I or II.

In Annex I (Sectors of High Criticality), we find that "Air carriers used for commercial purposes", "Airport managing bodies, airports, including the core airports, and entities operating ancillary installations contained within airports" and "Traffic management control operators providing air traffic control (ATC) services" are in the scope of the NIS 2 Directive.


More about the scope of the NIS 2 Directive

In Annex I, we find:

Sector: Transport.

Subsector: Air.

- Air carriers used for commercial purposes.

Note: ‘Air carrier’ means an air transport undertaking holding a valid operating license or equivalent.

- Airport managing bodies, airports, including the core airports, and entities operating ancillary installations contained within airports.

Note: ‘Airport managing body’ means a body which, in conjunction with other activities or not as the case may be, has as its objective under national laws, regulations or contracts the administration and management of the airport or airport network infrastructures and the coordination and control of the activities of the different operators present in the airports or airport network concerned.

Note: ‘Airport’ means any land area specifically adapted for the landing, taking-off and maneuvering of aircraft, including the ancillary installations which these operations may involve for the requirements of aircraft traffic and services, including the installations needed to assist commercial air services.

- Traffic management control operators providing air traffic control (ATC) services.


What does it mean for entities in the scope of the NIS 2 Directive?

According to Article 20 (Governance), the management bodies of essential and important entities must approve the cybersecurity risk-management measures taken by those entities, oversee its implementation, and can be held liable for infringements.

According to Article 20, Member States shall ensure that the members of the management bodies of essential and important entities are required to follow training, and shall encourage essential and important entities to offer similar training to their employees on a regular basis, in order that they gain sufficient knowledge and skills to enable them to identify risks and assess cybersecurity risk-management practices and their impact on the services provided by the entity.

According to Article 21 (Cybersecurity risk-management measures), essential and important entities must take appropriate and proportionate technical, operational and organisational measures to manage the risks posed to the security of network and information systems which those entities use for their operations or for the provision of their services, and to prevent or minimise the impact of incidents on recipients of their services and on other services.

Taking into account the "state-of-the-art" and, where applicable, relevant European and international standards, as well as the cost of implementation, the measures referred shall ensure a level of security of network and information systems appropriate to the risks posed. When assessing the proportionality of those measures, due account shall be taken of the degree of the entity’s exposure to risks, the entity’s size and the likelihood of occurrence of incidents and their severity, including their societal and economic impact.

The measures shall be based on an "all-hazards approach" that aims to protect network and information systems and the physical environment of those systems from incidents, and shall include "at least" the following:

(a) policies on risk analysis and information system security;

(b) incident handling;

(c) business continuity, such as backup management and disaster recovery, and crisis management;

(d) supply chain security, including security-related aspects concerning the relationships between each entity and its direct suppliers or service providers;

(e) security in network and information systems acquisition, development and maintenance, including vulnerability handling and disclosure;

(f) policies and procedures to assess the effectiveness of cybersecurity risk-management measures;

(g) basic cyber hygiene practices and cybersecurity training;

(h) policies and procedures regarding the use of cryptography and, where appropriate, encryption;

(i) human resources security, access control policies and asset management;

(j) the use of multi-factor authentication or continuous authentication solutions, secured voice, video and text communications and secured emergency communication systems within the entity, where appropriate.



NIS 2 Directive, training for the commercial and private aviation.

Training program 1: Preparing for the NIS 2 Directive in the commercial and private aviation, tailored-made training (In-House Instructor-Led Training, or Online Live Training).

Possible modules of the tailor-made training program

Introduction.
- Subject matter and scope.
- Essential and important entities.
- The "high common level of cybersecurity across the Union".
- Member States adopt national cybersecurity strategies and designate or establish competent authorities, cyber crisis management authorities, single points of contact on cybersecurity, and computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs).
- The new cybersecurity risk-management measures and reporting obligations.
- The new cybersecurity information sharing obligations.

Understanding the important definitions, including ‘near miss’, ‘large-scale cybersecurity incident’, ‘significant cyber threat’, ‘internet exchange point’, etc.

National cybersecurity strategy - objectives, resources, regulatory measures.
- Competent authorities and single points of contact.
- National cyber crisis management frameworks.
- Computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs).
- Coordinated vulnerability disclosure and a European vulnerability database.

- The new Cooperation Group that facilitate strategic cooperation and the exchange of information.
- The new network of national CSIRTs.
- The new European cyber crisis liaison organisation network (EU-CyCLONe) for large-scale cybersecurity incidents and crises.
- International cooperation.
- Peer reviews.

Cybersecurity risk management measures and reporting obligations.
- Governance.
- The management bodies of essential and important entities approve the cybersecurity risk-management measures.
- The management bodies of essential and important entities are required to follow training, and encourage essential and important entities to offer similar training to their employees.
- Cybersecurity risk-management measures.
- Reporting obligations.

Jurisdiction and territoriality.
- Entities are considered to fall under the jurisdiction of the Member State in which they are established.
- Entities are considered to have their main establishment in the Union in the Member State where the decisions related to the cybersecurity risk-management measures are predominantly taken.
- Entities not established in the EU, but offer services within the EU, must designate a representative in the EU.
- The tasks of the representative.

Cybersecurity information-sharing arrangements.

General aspects concerning supervision and enforcement.
- Supervisory and enforcement measures in relation to essential entities.
- Supervisory and enforcement measures in relation to important entities.
- General conditions for imposing administrative fines on essential and important entities.
- Infringements entailing a personal data breach.
- Penalties.

- What is next: Delegated and Implementing Acts.
- Review.
- Transposition.

What is extraterritoriality?
- Extraterritorial application of EU law.
- Risk and compliance management challenges for firms established in non-EU countries.

- Master plan and list of immediate actions, for firms established in EU and non-EU countries.

- Other new EU directives and regulations that introduce compliance challenges to EU and non-EU firms: The European Cyber Resilience Act, the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA), the Critical Entities Resilience Directive (CER) etc.

- Closing remarks.


Target Audience, duration.

We offer a 60-minute overview for the board of directors and senior management of entities in the commercial and private aviation, tailored to their needs. We also offer 4 hours to one day training for risk and compliance teams, responsible for the implementation of the EU directives and regulations.


Instructor.

Our instructors are working professionals that have the necessary knowledge and experience in the fields in which they teach. They can lead full-time, part-time, and short-form programs that are tailored to your needs. You will always know up front who the instructor of the training program will be.

George Lekatis, General Manager of Cyber Risk GmbH, can also lead these training sessions. His background and some testimonials: https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/George_Lekatis_Testimonials.pdf


Terms and conditions.

You may visit: https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Terms.html



Training program 2: NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP), distance learning with certificate of completion program.


Objectives

The program has been designed to provide with the skills needed to understand and support compliance with the NIS 2 Directive.

It also provides with the skills needed to pass the NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP) exam, and to receive the Certificate of Completion, that provides independent evidence to firms and organizations that you have a quantifiable understanding of the subject matter.


Target Audience

The program is beneficial to risk and compliance managers and professionals, auditors, consultants, suppliers and service providers that:

- work for EU companies and organizations that have to comply with the NIS 2 Directive,

- work for non-EU companies and organizations that have operations in EU Member States or provide services to EU citizens, and have to comply with the NIS 2 Directive.


Course Synopsis


Introduction.
- The NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP) exam.
- The certificate of completion.


Part 1

The European Union (EU). How does the legislative process work?
- Key institutions.
- The European Commission, the most important institution for risk and compliance professionals.
- How does the legislative process work?
- The European System of Financial Supervision (ESFS).
- Legal acts after the Treaty of Lisbon.
- Delegated acts, supplementing or amending certain non-essential elements of a basic act.
- Implementing acts.
- Regulatory technical standards (RTS), Implementing technical standards (ITS).
- The European Data Protection Supervisor and the European Data Protection Board.
- The Committee of European Auditing Oversight Bodies (CEAOB).
- The European External Action Service.
- The Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP).
- The Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).
- The European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA).
- The European Multidisciplinary Platform Against Criminal Threats. (EMPACT).
- The European framework for Threat Intelligence-based Ethical Red Teaming (TIBER-EU).
- The Euro Cyber Resilience Board for pan-European Financial Infrastructures (ECRB).
- The Cyber Information and Intelligence Sharing Initiative (CIISI-EU).
- The High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG).


Part 2

“An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace”, the EU's vision on how to prevent cyber disruptions and attacks, and respond to them.
- 1. Achieving cyber resilience.
- 2. Drastically reducing cybercrime.
- 3. Developing cyber defence policy and capabilities related to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).
- 4. Developing the industrial and technological resources for cyber-security.
- 5. Establishing an international cyberspace policy for the European Union and promote EU core values.


The NIS Directive (EU 2016/1148), the first piece of EU-wide cybersecurity legislation.
- 1. National capabilities.
- 2. Cross-border collaboration.
- 3. National supervision of critical sectors.
- The NIS Cooperation Group.
- The NIS Directive, important parts.
- Transposition of the NIS Directive.


Part 3

Introduction to the NIS 2 Directive.
- The “lex specialis derogat legi generali” (special law repeals general laws) doctrine, accepted by the EU and international law.
- NIS 2 as lex generalis, a general law.
- NIS 2 is a legal obligation only when there is no special law for a sector.
- NIS 2 and Regulation (EU) 2022/2554 (the Digital Operational Resilience Act - DORA).
- NIS 2 and Directive (EU) 2022/2557 (the Critical Entities Resilience Directive - CER).
- NIS 2 and Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation - GDPR).
- Before discussing Article 1 of the NIS 2 Directive.
- NACE Rev. 2.
- Annex I, Sectors of High Criticality.
- Annex II, Other Critical Sectors.


The Articles of the NIS 2 Directive

CHAPTER I, GENERAL PROVISIONS.
- Subject matter.
- Scope.
- Essential and important entities.
- Sector-specific Union legal acts.
- Minimum harmonisation.
- Definitions.


CHAPTER II, COORDINATED CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORKS.
- National cybersecurity strategy.
- Competent authorities and single points of contact.
- National cyber crisis management frameworks.
- Computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs).
- Requirements, technical capabilities and tasks of CSIRTs.
- Coordinated vulnerability disclosure and a European vulnerability database.
- Cooperation at national level.


CHAPTER III, COOPERATION AT UNION AND INTERNATIONAL LEVEL.
- Cooperation Group.
- CSIRTs network.
- European cyber crisis liaison organisation network (EU-CyCLONe).
- International cooperation.
- Report on the state of cybersecurity in the Union.
- Peer reviews.


CHAPTER IV, CYBERSECURITY RISK-MANAGEMENT MEASURES AND REPORTING OBLIGATIONS.
- Governance.
- Cybersecurity risk-management measures.
- Union level coordinated security risk assessments of critical supply chains.
- Reporting obligations.
- Use of European cybersecurity certification schemes.
- Standardisation.


CHAPTER V, JURISDICTION AND REGISTRATION.
- Jurisdiction and territoriality.
- Registry of entities.
- Database of domain name registration data.


CHAPTER VI, INFORMATION SHARING.
- Cybersecurity information-sharing arrangements.
- Voluntary notification of relevant information.


CHAPTER VII, SUPERVISION AND ENFORCEMENT.
- General aspects concerning supervision and enforcement.
- Supervisory and enforcement measures in relation to essential entities.
- Supervisory and enforcement measures in relation to important entities.
- General conditions for imposing administrative fines on essential and important entities.
- Infringements entailing a personal data breach.
- Penalties.
- Mutual assistance.


CHAPTER VIII, DELEGATED AND IMPLEMENTING ACTS.
- Exercise of the delegation.
- Committee procedure.


CHAPTER IX, FINAL PROVISIONS.
- Review.
- Transposition.
- Amendments.
- Repeal.
- Entry into force.


The NIS 2 Directive for non-EU entities.
- Does NIS 2 apply to companies not established in the EU?
- Article 6 and Article 26 (Jurisdiction and territoriality).
- Preamble 116, Preamble 133.


Other EU Directives and Regulations.
- The European Cyber Resilience Act.
- The Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA).
- The Critical Entities Resilience Directive (CER).
- The Digital Services Act (DSA).
- The Digital Markets Act (DMA).
- The European Health Data Space (EHDS).
- The European Chips Act.
- The European Data Act.
- The European Data Governance Act (DGA).
- The Artificial Intelligence Act.
- The European ePrivacy Regulation.


NIS 2, DORA, or both?
- The Commission's Guidelines about the relationship between the NIS 2 Directive and the Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA), from 18 September 2023.

Closing remarks.


Become a NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP)

This is a Distance Learning with Certificate of Completion program, provided by Cyber Risk GmbH. The General Terms and Conditions for all legal transactions made through the Cyber Risk GmbH websites (hereinafter “GTC”) can be found at: https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Impressum.html

Each Distance Learning with Certificate of Completion program (hereinafter referred to as “distance learning program”) is provided at a fixed price, that includes VAT. There is no additional cost, now or in the future, for any reason.

We will send the distance learning program via email up to 24 hours after the payment (working days). Please remember to check the spam folder of your email client too, as emails with attachments are often landed in the spam folder.

You have the option to ask for a full refund up to 60 days after the payment. If you do not want one of our distance learning programs for any reason, all you must do is to send us an email, and we will refund the payment, no questions asked.

Your payment will be received by Cyber Risk GmbH (Dammstrasse 16, 8810 Horgen, Switzerland, Handelsregister des Kantons Zürich, Firmennummer: CHE-244.099.341). Cyber Risk GmbH will also send the certificates of completion to all persons that will pass the exam.

The all-inclusive cost is 297 USD (US Dollars). There is no additional cost, now or in the future, for this program.


First option: You can purchase the NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP) program with VISA, MASTERCARD, AMEX, Apple Pay, Google Pay etc.

Purchase the NIS2DTP program here (VISA, MASTERCARD, AMEX, Apple Pay, Google Pay etc.)





Second option: QR code payment.

i. Open the camera app or the QR app on your phone.

ii. Scan the QR code and possibly wait for a few seconds.

iii. Click on the link that appears, open your browser, and make the payment.


Third option: You can purchase the NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP) program with PayPal

When you click "PayPal" below, you will be redirected to the PayPal web site. If you prefer to pay with a card, you can click "Debit or Credit Card" that is also powered by PayPal.



What is included in the cost of the distance learning program:


A. The official presentations (878 slides).

The presentations are effective and appropriate to study online or offline. Busy professionals have full control over their own learning and are able to study at their own speed. They are able to move faster through areas of the course they feel comfortable with, but slower through those that they need a little more time on.


B. Up to 3 online exam attempts per year.

Candidates must pass only one exam. If they fail, they must study the official presentations and retake the exam. Candidates are entitled to 3 exam attempts every year.

If candidates do not achieve a passing score on the exam the first time, they can retake the exam a second time.

If they do not achieve a passing score the second time, they can retake the exam a third time.

If candidates do not achieve a passing score the third time, they must wait at least one year before retaking the exam. There is no additional cost for additional exam attempts.

To learn more, you may visit:

https://www.nis-2-directive.com/Distance_Learning_Programs_Exam_Certificate_of_Completion.pdf


C. The certificate of completion, with a scannable QR code for verification.

We will send it via email in Adobe Acrobat format (pdf). You will receive it up to 7 working days after you pass the exam.


NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP)

D. Cyber Risk GmbH will develop a web page dedicated to each certified professional (https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Your_Name.htm).

When third parties scan the QR code on your certificate, they will visit this web page (https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Your_Name.htm), and they will be able to verify that you are a certified professional, and your certificates are valid and legitimate.

In this web page we will have your name, all the certificates you have received from us, and pictures of your certificates.

This is an example:

https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Monika_Meier.html

You can print your certificate that you will receive in Adobe Acrobat format (pdf). With the scannable QR code, all third parties can verify the authenticity of each certificate in a matter of seconds. Professional certificates are some of the most frequently falsified documents. Employers and third parties need an easy, effective, and efficient way to check the authenticity of each certificate. QR code verification is a good response to this demand.


E. If you purchase the NIS2DTP program now, you can receive all the updated and amended NIS2DTP programs at no cost until January 31, 2028.

Every time we have important developments that affect regulatory compliance with the NIS 2 Directive (NIS2), we will update and amend this training program, especially when we have important:

- Joint final draft technical standards, from the European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) – the European Banking Authority (EBA), the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA), the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA).

- Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS),

- Implementing Technical Standards (ITS),

- Delegated Acts, that supplement or amend non‑essential parts of EU legislative acts, and

- Implementing Acts, that ensure that EU laws are applied uniformly.

The all-inclusive cost of your first program is $297. The all-inclusive cost of your second (and each additional) program is $197. It includes the exam, the certificate of completion, and all the updated and amended programs at no cost until January 31, 2028. You can take the exam and receive the certificate of completion only once. You cannot take the exam again, and it is not possible to receive a new certificate of completion every time you receive an updated and amended program at no cost.

If you want to take the exam again, to receive a certificate of completion having a later date on it, and to have both certificates of completion with different dates at your dedicated web page, you must purchase the updated program at a discounted cost ($197). This is not required, your original certificate will not expire.

In order to receive the updated and amended program (you have purchased the program in the past, and now you want to receive the updated and amended program at no cost), please follow the simple steps:

Please check the “Course synopsis” of the program at the registration page, to check if you have the latest version.

If we have updated the program, please send us an email with title: “Please send me the updated NIS2DTP program.”

In the email, please let us know which was the name and email address of the person or legal entity that had initially purchased the program.

You will receive the updated program in less than 48 hours (working days). Please remember to check your spam folder too.



Frequently Asked Questions for the distance learning programs.


1. I want to know more about Cyber Risk GmbH.

Cyber Risk GmbH is a company incorporated in Switzerland.
Company number: CHE-244.099.341.
Cantonal Register of Commerce: Canton of Zürich.
Registered address: Dammstrasse 16, 8810 Horgen, Switzerland.
Swiss VAT number: CHE-244.099.341 MWST.
EU VAT number: EU276036462. Cyber Risk GmbH is registered for EU VAT purposes in Germany (Bundeszentralamt für Steuern, Verfahren One-Stop-Shop, Nicht EU-Regelung) for the sale of services in the EU. Cyber Risk GmbH declares and pays EU VAT in a single electronic quarterly return submitted to Germany, and the German Bundeszentralamt für Steuern forwards the EU VAT due to each member State of the EU.

The owner and general manager of Cyber Risk GmbH is George Lekatis, a well-known expert in risk management and compliance. George is also the general manager of Compliance LLC, incorporated in Wilmington, NC, and offices in Washington, DC. It is a provider of risk and compliance training and executive coaching in 57 countries.

Several business units of Compliance LLC are very successful associations that offer membership, weekly or monthly updates, training, certification, Authorized Certified Trainer (ACT) programs, and other services to their members.

The business units of Compliance LLC include:

- The Sarbanes-Oxley Compliance Professionals Association (SOXCPA), the largest Association of Sarbanes-Oxley professionals in the world. You may visit: https://www.sarbanes-oxley-association.com

- The Basel iii Compliance Professionals Association (BiiiCPA), the largest association of Basel iii Professionals in the world. You may visit: https://www.basel-iii-association.com

- The Solvency II Association, the largest association of Solvency II professionals in the world. You may visit: https://www.solvency-ii-association.com

- The International Association of Risk and Compliance Professionals (IARCP). You may visit: https://www.risk-compliance-association.com

The Certified Risk and Compliance Management Professional (CRCMP) program, from the IARCP, has become one of the most recognized certificates in risk management and compliance. There are CRCMPs in 57 countries. Companies and organizations around the world consider the CRCMP a preferred certificate.

You can find more about the demand for CRCMPs at: https://www.risk-compliance-association.com/CRCMP_Jobs_Careers.pdf


CRCMP careers


“Cyber Risk GmbH Training Programs” are training programs developed, updated and provided by Cyber Risk GmbH, and include:
a) In-House Instructor-Led Training programs,
b) Online Live Training programs,
c) Video-Recorded Training programs,
d) Distance Learning with Certificate of Completion programs.


“Cyber Risk GmbH websites” are all websites that belong to Cyber Risk GmbH, and include the following:


a. Sectors and Industries.

1. Cyber Risk GmbH

2. Social Engineering Training

3. Healthcare Cybersecurity

4. Airline Cybersecurity

5. Railway Cybersecurity

6. Maritime Cybersecurity

7. Oil Cybersecurity

8. Electricity Cybersecurity

9. Gas Cybersecurity

10. Hydrogen Cybersecurity

11. Transport Cybersecurity

12. Transport Cybersecurity Toolkit

13. Hotel Cybersecurity

14. Sanctions Risk

15. Travel Security


b. Understanding Cybersecurity.

1. What is Disinformation?

2. What is Steganography?

3. What is Cyberbiosecurity?

4. What is Synthetic Identity Fraud?

5. What is a Romance Scam?

6. What is Cyber Espionage?

7. What is Sexspionage?

8. What is the RESTRICT Act?


c. Understanding Cybersecurity in the European Union.

1. The NIS 2 Directive

2. The Digital Operational Resilience Act (DORA)

3. The Critical Entities Resilience Directive (CER)

4. The European Data Act

5. The European Data Governance Act (DGA)

6. The European Cyber Resilience Act (CRA)

7. The Digital Services Act (DSA)

8. The Digital Markets Act (DMA)

9. The European Chips Act

10. The Artificial Intelligence Act

11. The Artificial Intelligence Liability Directive

12. The Framework for Artificial Intelligence Cybersecurity Practices (FAICP)

13. The EU Cyber Solidarity Act

14. The Digital Networks Act (DNA)

15. The European ePrivacy Regulation

16. The European Digital Identity Regulation

17. The European Media Freedom Act (EMFA)

18. The Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD)

19. The European Health Data Space (EHDS)

20. The European Financial Data Space (EFDS)

21. The Financial Data Access (FiDA) Regulation

22. The Payment Services Directive 3 (PSD3), Payment Services Regulation (PSR)

23. The European Cyber Defence Policy

24. The Strategic Compass of the European Union

25. The EU Cyber Diplomacy Toolbox



2. Is there any discount available for the distance learning programs?

We do not offer a discount for your first program, as we want to keep the cost as low as possible. You have a $100 discount for your second and each additional program.

After you purchase the NIS 2 Directive Trained Professional (NIS2DTP) program at $297, you can purchase:

a. The Digital Operational Resilience Act Trained Professional (DORATPro) program at $197. You can find more about the program at: https://www.digital-operational-resilience-act.com/Digital_Operational_Resilience_Act_Trained_Professional_(DORATPro).html.

b. The Critical Entities Resilience Directive Trained Professional (CERDTPro) program at $197. You can find more about the program at: https://www.critical-entities-resilience-directive.com/Critical_Entities_Resilience_Directive_Trained_Professional_(CERDTPro).html.

c. The Digital Services Act Trained Professional (DiSeActTPro) program at $197. You can find more about the program at: https://www.eu-digital-services-act.com/DiSeActTPro_Training.html.

d. The Digital Markets Act Trained Professional (DiMaActTPro) program at $197. You can find more about the program at: https://www.eu-digital-markets-act.com/DiMaActTPro_Training.html.

e. The Data Governance Act Trained Professional (DatGovActTP) program at $197. You can find more about the program at: https://www.european-data-governance-act.com/DatGovActTP_Training.html.



3. Are there any entry requirements or prerequisites required for enrolling in the training programs?

There are no entry requirements or prerequisites for enrollment. Our programs give the opportunity to individuals of all levels to learn, grow, and develop new skills without the need for prior qualifications or specific experience.



4. I want to learn more about the exam.

You can take the exam online from your home or office, in all countries.

It is an open book exam. Risk and compliance management is something you must understand and learn, not memorize. You must acquire knowledge and skills, not commit something to memory.

You will be given 90 minutes to complete a 35-question exam. You must score 70% or higher.

The exam contains only questions that have been clearly answered in the official presentations.

All exam questions are multiple-choice, composed of two parts:

a. A stem (a question asked, or an incomplete statement to be completed).

b. Four possible responses.

In multiple-choice questions, you must not look for a correct answer, you must look for the best answer. Cross out all the answers you know are incorrect, then focus on the remaining ones. Which is the best answer? With this approach, you save time, and you greatly increase the likelihood of selecting the correct answer.

TIME LIMIT - This exam has a 90-minute time limit. You must complete this exam within this time limit, otherwise the result will be marked as an unsuccessful attempt.

BACK BUTTON - When taking this exam you are NOT permitted to move backwards to review/change prior answers. Your browser back button will refresh the current page instead of moving backward.

RESTART/RESUME – You CANNOT stop and then resume the exam. If you stop taking this exam by closing your browser, your answers will be lost, and the result will be marked as an unsuccessful attempt.

SKIP - You CANNOT skip answering questions while taking this exam. You must answer all the questions in the order the questions are presented.

When you are ready to take the exam, you must follow the steps described at "Question h. I am ready for the exam. What must I do?", at:

https://www.nis-2-directive.com/Distance_Learning_Programs_Exam_Certificate_of_Completion.pdf



5. How comprehensive are the presentations? Are they just bullet points?

The presentations are not bullet points. They are effective and appropriate to study online or offline.



6. Do I need to buy books to pass the exam?

No. If you study the presentations, you can pass the exam. All the exam questions are clearly answered in the presentations. If you fail the first time, you must study more. Print the presentations and use Post-it to attach notes, to know where to find the answer to a question.



7. Is it an open book exam? Why?

Yes, it is an open book exam. Risk and compliance management is something you must understand and learn, not memorize. You must acquire knowledge and skills, not commit something to memory.



8. Do I have to take the exam soon after receiving the presentations?

No. You can take the exam any time. Your account never expires. You have lifetime access to the training program. If there are any updates to the training material and you have not passed the exam, you will receive the updated program free of charge.



9. Do I have to spend more money in the future keep my certificate of completion valid?

No. Your certificate of completion will remain valid, without the need to spend money or to take another exam in the future.



10. Ok, the certificate of completion never expires, but things change.

Recertification would be a great recurring revenue stream for Cyber Risk GmbH, but it would also be a recurring expense for our clients. We resisted the temptation to "introduce multiple recurring revenue streams to keep business flowing", as we were consulted. No recertification is needed for our programs.

Things change, and this is the reason you need to visit the "Reading Room" of Cyber Risk GmbH every month, and read the monthly newsletter with updates, alerts, and opportunities, to stay current. You may visit:

https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Reading_Room.html



11. Which is your refund policy?

Cyber Risk GmbH has a very clear refund policy: You have the option to ask for a full refund up to 60 days after the payment. If you do not want one of our programs for any reason, all you must do is to send us an email, and we will refund the payment after one business day, no questions asked.



12. I want to receive a printed certificate. Can you send me one?

Unfortunately this is not possible. You will receive your certificate via email in Adobe Acrobat format (pdf), with a scannable QR code for verification, 7 business days after you pass the exam. A business day refers to any day in which normal business operations are conducted (in our case Monday through Friday), excluding weekends and public holidays.

The association will develop a dedicated web page for each certified professional (https://www.cyber-risk-gmbh.com/Your_Name.html). In your dedicated web page we will add your full name, all the certificates you have received from the association, and the pictures of your certificates.

When third parties scan the QR code on your certificate, they will visit your dedicated web page, and they will be able to verify that you are a certified professional, and your certificates are valid and legitimate.

Professional certificates are some of the most frequently falsified documents. Employers and third parties need an easy, effective, and efficient way to check the authenticity of each certificate. QR code verification is a good response to this demand.

You can print your certificate that you will receive in Adobe Acrobat format. With the scannable QR code, all third parties can verify the authenticity of each certificate in a matter of seconds.



13. Why should I choose your training programs?

I. There are many new Directives and Regulations in the EU, and our target audience is overwhelmed and has little time to spare. Cyber Risk GmbH has developed training programs that can assist them in understanding the new requirements, and in providing evidence that they are qualified, as they must pass an exam to receive their certificate of completion.

II. Our training programs are flexible and convenient. Learners can access the course material and take the exam at any time and from any location. This is especially important for those with busy schedules.

III. The all-inclusive cost of our programs is very low. There is no additional cost for each program, now or in the future, for any reason.

IV. If you purchase a second program, you have a $100 discount. The all-inclusive cost for your second (and each additional) program is $197.

V. There are 3 exam attempts per year that are included in the cost of each program, so you do not have to spend money again if you fail.

VI. No recertification is required. Your certificates of completion never expire.

VII. If you purchase the NIS2DTP program now, you can receive all the updated and amended NIS2DTP programs at no cost until January 31, 2028.

Every time we have important developments that affect regulatory compliance with the NIS 2 Directive (NIS2), we will update and amend this training program, especially when we have important:

- Joint final draft technical standards, from the European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) – the European Banking Authority (EBA), the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA), the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA).

- Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS),

- Implementing Technical Standards (ITS),

- Delegated Acts, that supplement or amend non‑essential parts of EU legislative acts, and

- Implementing Acts, that ensure that EU laws are applied uniformly.

VIII. The marketplace is clearly demanding qualified professionals in risk and compliance management. Certified professionals enjoy industry recognition and have more and better job opportunities.

IX. Firms and organizations hire and promote fit and proper professionals who can provide evidence that they are qualified. Employers need assurance that managers and employees have the knowledge and skills needed to mitigate risks and accept responsibility. Supervisors and auditors ask for independent evidence that the process owners are qualified, and that the controls can operate as designed, because the persons responsible for these controls have the necessary knowledge and experience.

X. Professionals that gain more skills and qualifications often become eligible for higher-paying roles. Investing in training can have a direct positive impact on a manager's or employee's earning potential.

Cyber Risk GmbH, some of our clients